Winter holidays will begin in the coming days. Skiing, sledding and ice skating are among the most popular activities during the holidays. However, playing in winter conditions can result in injury, collision and even a dangerous swim in a freezing pond. The expert advises how to avoid dangerous situations, as well as how to react properly when an accident occurs.
RULE 1- SLIDES AND SLED ONLY AWAY FROM THE STREET
One of the favorite winter children’s games is sledding. However, it is important that the places where children play are located away from the roadway and other communication lines, and the games should be accompanied by a caregiver. It is also important to prepare the equipment for driving. Make sure that your sled or other toy has no broken rungs or protruding screws or nails. Before starting the game, you should also look at the downhill route and remove dangerous objects such as rocks or branches from it. The child must also know that he should adjust the ride to the direction of traffic on the downhill route, and also can not cross the track. You should also avoid slipping on sidewalks and pedestrian crossings. It is also a common mistake to attach a sledge to a car or motorcycle, which is very dangerous.
– The most common consequence of uncontrolled play on slides are fractures. Children should know that if there is a dangerous fall, then first of all you need to call the help of adults or call the emergency number 112 or 999. It is worth remembering that in case of fractures, you should not make any unnecessary movements, and even more so do not try to set the fracture. It is necessary to remain calm and limit unnecessary movements, and an adult should try to immobilize two adjacent joints, using for this, for example, a piece of wood or a scarf-recommends a paramedic
RULE 2-A POND IS NOT AN ICE RINK
Children who do not go on organized trips and want to enjoy local attractions, it is important to remember that for skating and sledding choose safe places, preferably local ice rinks or properly located hills and stay there always under the care of an adult. It is absolutely impossible to treat frozen lakes or ponds as ice rinks.
– Playing in unguarded areas, especially on frozen ponds or lakes, can pose a high risk to the child and under no circumstances should children play in such areas. Unfortunately, often children’s curiosity is stronger than the parents ‘ ban, and every year this kind of event occurs. If the child falls into the water, the danger is its low temperature, in addition, winter clothes make it difficult to get to the surface of the ice. Remember that at low temperatures, we lose energy faster and trying to get out of the water on our own can be very difficult, and even exhausting after a few seconds. Therefore, in this case, you should try to call for help, spread your arms wide in the direction of the ice and try to crawl on it. You should move towards the shore while lying on the ice. But if the ice breaks, we remain motionless. If the person who was in the water is close to the shore-you should give her a stick or scarf and try to quickly pull her to the surface, of course, immediately need to call for help-emphasizes the paramedic.
RULE 3-ADEQUATE PROTECTION AGAINST COLD
Children who go out to play in the open air, should be dressed applying to the weather. During long winter games, remember about such clothes, so as not to lead to excessive cooling of the body. Going to the mountain or the ice rink, it is worth equipping the child with a thermos with a hot drink. Proper clothing is also an element that helps to protect against influenza and influenza-like infections.
– Staying too long in low temperatures can lead to cooling of the body or, in extreme cases, to frostbite. In such a situation, in the first place it is important to as soon as possible to find yourself in a warm (but not hot) room. If possible, try to perform simple exercises, such as a spider or squats, to warm up. Cooled places should be warmed up slowly, e.g. by soaking in summer water. A common mistake is to apply hands, for example. directly into the radiator or hot thermoform. Frostbitten places should not be rubbed or massaged, the home way is to cover them. If blisters have formed in a frostbitten place, do not pierce them. Drink warm and sweet drinks. Parents should also remember that any type of frostbite requires a doctor’s consultation-suggests a paramedic.
Children’s imagination often knows no bounds, and a moment of carefree fun can have negative consequences. Therefore, children should continue to be educated and reminded of basic safety rules, as well as interested in how children spend their free time. – The safety of children is very important. Therefore, schools are also involved in their education on safety rules, especially in the period before the ferries. Teachers organise special classes using materials developed as part of educational programmes on child safety, such as the safe Pooh academy. This allows children to learn how to behave during play, for example on the ice rink, and what to do when a dangerous situation occurs to preserve safety.